Key Indicators on Sanitation & Sewerage

DR. LILIBETH MIRALLES of Visayas State University presents the national scenario and case of the Binahaan watershed occupants in Leyte, ECOSAN and key indicators for benchmarking. In 2002, 80% of the country’s urban population and 61% of rural population had access to sanitary toilets.  25% of the total population depend on defective and poorly maintained septic tanks, while 90% of sewage is not disposed or treated in an environmentally sound manner. Binahaan watershed occupants have unhygienic sanitation practices, poor sanitation facilities (e.g., defective septic tanks), and improper disposal of human waste and wastewater from households which can contaminate the surface and underground waters of the watershed. ECOSAN is a concept that closes the loop between sanitation and agriculture; the purpose is recycling, crops grows into the soil, then humans eat the crops and these become food which is used by the body, and then becomes body waste, thereafter the waste is used as organic fertilizer put into the soil. Suggested indicators:  Whether the utility provides sewerage service; Service area; Staff; Sewerage service; Financial information; Tariff Information.  If the utility does not provide sewerage services: Watershed sanitation protection; Water quality management of water source; Access to sanitation and sewage/wastewater facilities in the area of responsibility; Booster pumps and supplementary water source.

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