JICA’s projects are global and encompass a series of different approaches ranging from raising educational awareness of water issues, teaching management, administrative and water engineering skills, building simple village water pumps in African villages or sophisticated filtration systems in cities to improving irrigation and agricultural systems, reducing the impact of climate change and improving health facilities and the expertise of nurses and volunteers to reduce widespread waterborne and other diseases.
Following are examples of JICA water related projects around the world.
Cambodia- Water Problems at Ankor Wat
During nearly 30 years of conflict much of Cambodia’s basic infrastructure, including water and sewage systems, were destroyed. JICA and other international donors are involved in a multi-year program to rehabilitate much of the country’s system including at the world famous Anko Wat temple complex. A Japanese expert is working with provincial officials to implement a blueprint which the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) drew up in 2004-06 for environmentally friendly, sustainable community development for Ankor Wat. (March 09)
As early as 1993 JICA conducted an initial survey to get the water running again with a final target date for 2010. Shortly afterwards, Japan helped to rebuild the city’s main filtration plant, an installation which was expanded in 2003 as thousands of people continued to flock back to the capital which at one point during the Khmer Rouge regime had become virtually a ghost town. Around one million people live there now from a nationwide population of 13 million.
France, the World Bank and the Asia Development Bank helped to relay water and sewage pipes and Ek Sonn Chan, General Director of Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority, said “Today, the situation has changed dramatically.” The loss of water through pipe leakage or theft has been reduced to a very low 6% and running water in many areas of the city has been creased from 10 to 24 hours per day.
Working with experts from Kitakyushu and Yokohoma, JICA in 2003 began a three-year program, this time concentrating on training Cambodian officials in the various skills to enable them to independently run the filtration plant and other water infrastructure.
Phase II of the infrastructure rehabilitation began in 2007 to extend the pipeline network to poorer and outlying parts of the region and other areas of Cambodia. After the first water lines were introduced to one area housing 1,000 families recently, a local taxi driver sighed happily, “We have been waiting for this day for a long time. I’m very happy.” And importantly for someone earning the equivalent of three dollars a day, “I even get a discount for my water.”
Myanmar- New Forests and Water
It was once the capital of one of Asia’s most spectacular kingdoms, watered by one of the world’s great rivers. But Myanmar’s central zone is facing tough times and needs help to rewater and reforest the region.
Timor-Leste- More Rice for the Pot
Helping to improve the yields of rice, one of the staple foods in Timor-Leste, and improving the lot of farmers at the same time.
Zambia- A helping Hand for Zambia’s Urban Poor
Africans are moving to the cities faster than people anywhere else in the world, but basic infrastructure such as housing, water, electricity, and health care are being overwhelmed. A key component of JICA's African strategy is to help the very poorest people to escape this urban poverty trap.
Africa- Anew horticultural Bonanza
Increased water resources are the key to turning the slopes of Africa’s largest mountain into a horticultural bonanza for local farmers.
Africa- So Much Water, So What’s the Problem?
Africa boasts two of the world's mightiest rivers - the 6,400-kilometer Nile and the 4,370-kilometer Congo River. It has some of the world's largest lakes such as Victoria and Tanganyika.
Finding..and then Maintaining…Rural Water Supplies in Zambia
Drilling for water to help villages in Zambia may be the easiest part of the task in helping the country’s rural population. Maintaining the wells over a long period of time is often more difficult because poor countries lack the infrastructure and human resources to do so.