Public sector reforms in Asia

Contains: PSI’s position on public sector reforms (New Public Management; Privatisation, PPP, PFIs; Outsourcing or contracting out; Cost-cutting budget constraints; Performance pay and performance management); Other modes of PSR (Decentralization; Separation of Policymaking and Service Delivery; Emergence of e-government; Job losses, austerity measures due to global economic crisis); World Bank review of PSR; Reasserting the public in public services;  ADB-supported PSR in power, water, health, education sectors; Union actions in PSR

India: Plan panel to extend PPP scope to education, electricity, water supply

13 Sep 2009, NEW DELHI: The government seems to be making a strong headway in its attempts to extend the scope of the public-private partnership (PPP) beyond infrastructure projects, with the Planning Commission close to finalising draft agreements for projects in areas such as school education, electricity transmission and urban water supply.

ADB projects in Pacific

Ongoing / proposed projects in energy/power, water, education, health, financial, other sectors in Pacific in Cook Islands, Micronesia, Giji, Palau, PNG, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu (as of July 2009)
Cook Islands:

ADB projects in Mongolia

Ongoing / proposed ADB projects in education, health, financial, road and other sectors in Mongolia (as of July 2009):

ADB projects in Philippines

Ongoing/proposed ADB projects in power, water, health, education & other sectors (as of July 2009).

  • Power Sector Development Program (PSDP)
  • Rural Electric Cooperatives
  • Visayas Base Load Power
  • Philippine Energy Efficiency Project
  • Acquisition and Rehabilitation of Masinloc Coal Fired Thermal Power Plant
  • Pasuquin East Wind Farm Development Project
  • Electricity Market & Transmission Development


ADB projects in Indonesia

Ongoing/proposed ADB projects in energy/power, water, health, education, financial & other sectors (as of July 2009).

  • Guarantee for Java Island Transmission
  • Tangguh LNG Project
  • Renewable Energy Development
  • Power Transmission Improvement Sector


Philippines: Teachers migration

MORE FILIPINO TEACHERS OFF TO JOBS ABROAD, Philippine Daily Inquirer, 06/26/2009, MANILA, Philippines—The exodus of Filipino teachers to other countries is expected to continue in the coming years, according to a labor group. The Public Services Labor Independent Confederation (PSLINK) said two places were the likely magnets for Filipino teachers—the United States, which would need two million teachers in the coming decade, and Arab countries, which would need at least 450,000 teachers.

JUSCO's plans in the area of Education

JUSCO runs nine schools in Jamshedpur with more than 5,000 students. And CEO Sanjiv Paul has big plans in this area. "Providing quality education at an affordable price is a mission for us, not a business opportunity," he says. The JUSCO chief is unwilling to reveal details, though. "We're in the process of creating a model, which we feel can become the blueprint for educational institutions in future. But I don't want to discuss it till we firm things up," he says. It's good to see the Tatas beginning to work on developing a model for schools that will provide quality education at an affordable price. I hope many other organisations will follow the example of the Tatas and focus on the "quality education at an affordable price" niche rather than the high end niche that Reliance, , DPS, Birlas and others are focussing on.

ADB & Education

The ADB approved its Education Policy in August 2002 to complement the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) prepared by the international community. MDGs include issues of reducing poverty and hunger, many health related issues, and coordination efforts to improve social sector delivery. In education, universal primary enrollment and equitable access for girls and boys were highlighted along with the priority to help unemployed youth. According to ADB, its lending benefits Education for All (EFA) through goals of teacher education, secondary school expansion, skills development for unemployed youth, nonformal education, early childhood, and higher education. ADB also supports certain private sector projects that strengthen the social infrastructure of developing countries. Access to better health and education facilities has a direct impact on the earning power of the poor. According to ADB: “Often, involvement by the private sector can deliver social services more cheaply or efficiently.” The role of the private sector in education, however, is controversial; a review of experience can be found in a 2002 Bank-funded study on the costs and financing of education”.

political economy of school meals

When food prices go up, what happens to school meals? Who carries the cost of food price inflation?

School meals exist because of a political decision that it is in the public interest to provide them.

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