The experience of health sector reform in South Asia presents certain common trends but also variations in terms of the political economy and health services development in the four countries (Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India).
It has been recognized that there is a need for a cross-country analysis that can be used to identify the factors that contribute to the problems of state incapacity in South and Southeast Asian nations. In taking up this challenge, we explore selected initiatives of new public management (NPM) in the region to analyse cross-country variations. For this purpose we have chosen four South and Southeast Asian countries, namely: Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
What drives public service reform, and who resists it? This article, published in Development and Change, identifies the leaders, supporters and resisters of public service reform, drawing principally on research from Ghana, Zimbabwe, India and Sri Lanka. It finds that reform was often constrained by a lack of political commitment and by the interests embedded in existing organisational arrangements. Some reforms in the social sectors could be introduced quickly and without real political support, as long as there was little organised political resistance.
Sri Lankan power workers strike for pay increase (31 Aug 2009, W.A. Sunil) -- Thousands of Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) workers took part in an islandwide, one-day strike last Friday to demand a 40 percent pay hike, the restoration of working conditions and the scrapping of the Electricity Bill adopted in March 2009. In an attempt to break the strike, the government cancelled all leave and threatened “tough action” against anyone who stopped work.
Supporting Japanese Machinery and Equipment Export for Power Infrastructure Project in Sri Lanka First Buyer's Credit to Sri Lanka in 21 Years (February 15, 2008) - 1. Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC; Governor: Koji Tanami) signed today a buyer's credit agreement totaling up to approximately 1.2 billion yen with the Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. This loan was provided in cofinancing with Citibank Japan Ltd. 2. The proceeds of this loan are to be used by the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) of Sri Lanka to purchase power generators, turbines and other machinery and equipment (manufactured by Mitsubishi Electric Corporation and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.) from Mitsubishi Corporation, as it undertakes rehabilitation of the old Ukuwela Power Station (19MW x 2) in the central province of Sri Lanka.
14 April 2009 - The Government of Sri Lanka’s push to expand and improve its electricity services, especially to the poor and those living in conflict-affected areas, will receive support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). ADB’s Board of Directors today approved loans of US$135 million from its Ordinary Capital Resources (OCR) and a further $25 million from its concessional Asian Development Fund (ADF) for the Clean Energy and Access Improvement Project (Sri Lanka). The funds will be used to support energy efficiency improvements, to develop the use of renewable energy, and to increase connections and services to rural households.
Two recent developments in Sri Lanka’s power sector –
(a) The Sri Lanka Electricity Act has been passed by Parliament in March 2009.
(b) The People’s Republic of China (PRC) and India have emerged as major development partners for the sector. A new coal-fired base load power plant of 300 MW is under construction, funded by the PRC. A 500 MW coal-fired plant is planned in Trincomalee as a joint venture between India and Sri Lanka.
Painstaking efforts to carefully put in place the building blocks for power sector restructuring have not succeeded in taking the reform process forward to its implementation stage. Although new organizational and management models for the sector have been developed, and much of the legislation and contractual preparation is in place, the unbundled industry structure has not been implemented.
STDP was started 2003 and funded by the ADB and Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). Various world-famous construction companies are involved to implement the project namely Kumagy, Thaichi, China harbor. Some of the foreign companies have given sub-construction to local companies.
By setting up a District Metered Area (DMA) under the guidance of expert twin Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company Ltd. (JUSCO), the National Water Supply and Drainage Board of Sri Lanka saves 900,000 rupees (approximately US$8,000) in a month from reduced booster pumping of water.
Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company Ltd (JUSCO) is 'expert twin' to 'recipient twin' NWSDB (National Water Supply and Drainage Board) under ADB’s twinning program. JUSCO is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tata Steel, the flagship company of the TATA group. It is the Tata vehicle in the emerging water sector in India, having experience in managing the water service in Jamshedpur city for over nine decades. 2008 marks a watershed year for JUSCO’s water business, winning two BOT projects and an O&M contract in Kolkata, Haldia and Mysore, respectively. In July, the Haldia Development Authority entered into a Concession Agreement with a consortium consisting of JUSCO, Ranhill Utilities (Malaysia), and Infrastructure Development Finance Company Ltd (IDFC) for the development and operation of the Haldia Water Supply Scheme that includes the construction of a new 25-MGD Water Treatment Plan. In December, JUSCO bagged India’s largest O&M project, a 6-year performance based water management contract with Mysore City Corporation (MCC) and Karnataka Urban Water Supply and Drainage Board (KUWSDB). This is the largest water supply project being executed through PPP model in India. These three projects coupled with Jamshedpur have enhanced JUSCO’s credentials as the largest water supply developer and operator in the country. Earlier in 2006, JUSCO applied for and was granted a power distribution license in Jharkhand district which is contiguous to JUSCO’s service area of Jamshedpur. It began power distribution in 2007, after having established seven new substations of 90-MW capacity each. In July 2008, JUSCO acquired a 15-month project on municipal solid waste management in Kerala, supported through ADB funds, further strengthening JUSCO’s presence in the emerging urban waste management sector in the southern part of India.
The employees of Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) will launch a continuous agitation tomorrow (Feb 25th, 2009) demanding that the government withdraws the attempt to adopt Sri Lanka Electricity Draft Bill. Speaking at a media meeting held in Hotel Nippon in Colombo yesterday (23rd) Mr. Ranjan Jayalal, Committee Member of the action committee of the CEB Joint Trade Union Federation which has a very large membership in the CEB, said the agitation will continue until the 3rd March when Sri Lanka Electricity Draft Bill is due to be adopted in the Parliament.
Asian Development Bank (ADB) has selected JUSCO as an expert for helping in improving other utilities in South-East Asia. JUSCO has twinned with National Water Supply and Drainage Board (NWSBD), Sri Lanka through an agreement signed on June 13, 2008 at Colombo, Sri Lanka. Mr Pranay Sinha, Chief, Water Management, JUSCO Ltd; Mr K.L.L.Premanath, GM, NWSBD, Sri Lanka; and Mr Robert Hood, Head Facilitator, Asian Development Bank, signed the twinning agreement.
Twinning as a development strategy has been around since the first millennium. In many cases, towns, universities, and other entities located in geographically distinct areas, but sharing similar characteristics, pair off to foster human contact, cultural exchange, or knowledge sharing. ADB has adopted and improved on this strategy for its Water Operators’ Partnership (WOPs) Program. The WOPs program promotes knowledge sharing and builds the capacity of water operators and utilities in the Asia and the Pacific region. Among its key initiatives is the twinning of 20 water utilities and operators. With the exception the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority (Cambodia) and Binh Duong Water Supply Sewerage Environment Company (Viet Nam) partnership, which commenced in July 2007, ADB has completed six of seven currently operational twinning arrangements between November 2007 to June 2008.
Compilation of news re Sri Lanka water sector