Water and energy multinationals have been fined and/or investigated by the European Commission for a number of competition offences. These include possible attempts to cover up evidence of wrong-doing.
The recomunalisation of water provision – Reflections on two different cases
Provides two case study of privatized water services returned to public hands, in Potsdam and Grenoble. Paper presented at the workshop "The Public: Alternatives to Privatisation" during the European Summer University of Attac, 1st to 6th August 2008, Saarbru?cken.
EUROPE: Privatised Services Back in Public Hands By Julio Godoy
BERLIN, Jan 28, 2010 (IPS) - After the wave of de-privatisation of water services facilities that started across the world two years ago, municipalities in Europe are now buying back the electricity utilities they sold to private investors in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Michel Derdevet (an academic and a director of RTE, the French national electricity grid company/EDF) has written a book which criticises the EU directive requiring markets in electricity and gas and supporting policies based more on solidarity and 'service public'.