The Reform of the Urban Water Supply in Southern China 2010 June 15
This report aims to identify the problems of China’s current water supply sector reforms from a grassroots perspective and to present an overview of the issues casued by water privatization in Southern China.
Lessons drawn from Asian countries' healthcare decentralization - This policy brief examines whether or not healthcare decentralisation in Asia has been successful. The report draws on examples from China, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines. The brief highlights several lessons learned from the decentralisation programmes of these countries, including:
China is increasing pension rights for millions of rural workers - it has already introduced pension rights for urabn workers. These pensions are partly paid for from taxation, through government subsidies, partly through collective insurance schemes, and partly through individual savings. It is part of Chgina's policy to increase spending by workers; new plans for publicly financed healthcare are being introduced for the same reason.
? China’s power demand to grow 10-14% in 2005
? Tighter power supply, China to install more power capacity
- China to install 150 million KW power capacity in next 3 years
- Hydropower construction to peak in 20-25 years
- Nuke power to account for 4% of installed capacity by2020
- Shanxi to double installed power capacity in 3 years
- Tighter power supply in Guangdong in 2005
- China’s electricity production in 2004
CENTRAL ASIA ENERGY NEWS (2005) from Energy Briefing - Asia Pulse.
The overall goal of the TA is to support capacity building in the pensions industries of DMCs. The focus of the TA is the development of best governance and sustainable investment practices in the pensions industry of DMCs, with the goal of optimizing investment performance and standards of fiduciary responsibility. The TA is structured to cover five DMCs that face some of the greatest challenges in the region: PRC and India by virtue of the size of their elderly populations; and Indonesia, Philippines, and Viet Nam—representing DMCs that have made very little progress to date toward reform of their pensions systems.In all these countries, pensions policy is at an early stage of development and there is a lack of sophistication among practitioners. Pension fund regulators, trustees, and officers in these countries would greatly benefit from information about developments in the global pensions industry, including sustainable investment practices and governance standards, which may have an impact on their ability to meet fiduciary responsibilities and maximize long-term income generation.
4 May 2009, BALI, INDONESIA - The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and The Export–Import Bank of China (China Eximbank) have together earmarked at least US$3 billion that will be available for projects in developing Asia. The framework cofinancing agreement, signed today at ADB's 42nd Annual Meeting in Bali, will be utilized over three years starting June 2009. The pact was signed by Ursula Schaefer-Preuss, Vice-President, Knowledge Management and Sustainable Development at ADB and Vice-President Li Jun at China Eximbank.
China Gezhouba (Group) Corp, one of country's biggest engineering and construction companies, has won a bid worth 1.14 billion yuan ($167 million) for a hydropower plant in Tibet autonomous region, the biggest contract the company has won in its history. Gezhouba's subsidiary No 5 Engineering Co Ltd will provide concrete and aggregate processing services for the Zangmu Hydropower project, the company said on its website. The company will be responsible for designing, constructing and running the project that supplies 3.4-million cu m of concrete and 8-million-ton aggregate for the water power station. The project is expected to last until the end of December 2015. Invested by Tibet Power Generation Co Ltd of China Huaneng Group, the country's top power generator, the Zangmu Water Power Station is located in the middle reach of the Brahmaputra River.
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (AP), May 22, 2008 – Malaysian water utility Puncak Niaga Holdings said it has agreed to buy seven water and wastewater treatment projects in China for 29 million ringgit (US$9 million; 5.7 million) as part of its regional expansion. The projects will be transferred to a joint venture company being formed in Singapore, Sino Water Pte. Ltd., which will then invest up to 250 million ringgit (US$78 million; 50 million) to build and operate the projects, Puncak said in a statement. Puncak will hold 80 percent interest in Sino Water, with the rest held by Singapore water services firm, Environmental Holdings Pte. Ltd., it said. "Puncak intends to leverage on its expertise and experience in Malaysia to tap the vast opportunities and growth potential offered by the China market," Puncak said. The China projects, located in the provinces of Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Guangdong and Hainan, have concessions of up to 30 years each and will have a combined capacity of up to 750 million litters a day when completed within 5 years, it said. The projects are expected to generate revenue of up to 100 million ringgit (US$31 million; 20 million) a year, it said. Sino Water, which will be Puncak's vehicle to expand in China, will be seeking other water projects to add to its portfolio, it added.
The China Water Company Limited is majority owned by Cascal which is part of the Biwater Group - a privately owned British company. With a turnover of $400m and more than 4500 staff, Biwater has a history of designing and building over 1000 water and wastewater systems in more than 90 countries around the world. Focusing on the ownership and long term operation of water infrastructure, Cascal is a market leader its sector with more than 15 project companies in 7 countries spread across 4 continents. As part of its long term growth strategy, China Water is working with the Yancheng Government to convert the state owned local water company into a Public Private Partnership (PPP). Through a competitive bidding process, China Water earned the right to acquire a 49 % stake in a new Equity Joint Venture which will be granted a 30 year concession to deliver water services in Yancheng City. In addition, China Water has proposed an improvement strategy designed to bring Yancheng's water service in line with 'best in class' standards. The new company will employ nearly 600 people over the first five years of operation; turnover over the same period is expected to be an average of Rmb 87.5 million per year. China Water
Cascal N.V., a leading provider of water services in seven countries, announced in June 2008 that its China Water subsidiary has signed an agreement to acquire a 51 percent stake in an Equity Joint Venture ("EJV") in Zhumadian City, Henan Province, China. The new joint venture company, Zhumadian China Water Company, which partners China Water with the Zhumadian Bangye Water Group, is expected to formally commence operations within the next few weeks, subject to regulatory approvals. Once the business license has been granted, the existing water supply assets of the Zhumadian Bangye Water Group will be transferred to the new EJV company and China Water will inject approximately USD$18 million in equity to acquire 51 percent of the EJV. The acquisition will expand Cascal's presence in China to more Than 1.5 million residents.
USAID is facilitating a twinning partnership between the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) in Manila, Philippines, and both the Municipality of Yancheng, China and the city's concessionaire, China Water Company, to develop a participatory approach to monitor and evaluate the utility's performance.
On October 13-14, 2008, China’s Yancheng Water Company (YWC) and Manila’s Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) signed a Letter of Intent to establish a twinning partnership to create a new customer feedback system at YWC to monitor water utility performance. Facilitated by the WaterLinks utility twinning network, this partnership will enable YWC to adopt an innovative system developed and operated by MWSS over the last 8 years. YWC plans to implement the MWSS model and share its lessons learned with other water utilities in China.
Singapore’s Public Utilities Board (PUB) trained representatives from the Shenzhen Merchants Water Supply Company through a week-long course on developing and implementing a water safety plan, a structured approach to managing water quality. PUB demonstrated its approaches to ensure safe water delivery to its customers, including its advanced customer feedback system that recognizes users as system-wide monitors of service quality, a key component of water safety plans.
On December 4, 2008, the Yancheng China Water Company (YCWC) and Philippine Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) signed a Memorandum of Understanding and Joint Work Plan establishing a twinning partnership to replicate the MWSS Public Assessment of Water Services system (PAWS). The PAWS will help Yancheng monitor the performance of its contract water service operator, and will serve as a model for other Chinese cities that contract for water services.